TORONTO, ONTARIO, January 4, 2019 – Toronto Real Estate Board President Garry Bhaura
announced that Greater Toronto Area REALTORS® reported a total of 77,426 residential
transactions through TREB’s MLS® System in 2018. This result represented a 16.1 per cent
decline compared to 92,263 sales reported in 2017. Total new listings entered into TREB’s MLS®
System were down by 12.7 per cent over the same period to 155,823.
The overall average selling price for 2018 transactions, at $787,300, was down by 4.3 per cent
year-over-year for all home types combined across the TREB market area.
Home prices were up very slightly in the City of Toronto and down in the surrounding GTA regions.
This dichotomy reflects the fact that the condominium apartment segment, which accounted for a
large proportion of sales in the City of Toronto, performed better from a pricing perspective than
the detached market segment. The average price for condominium apartment sales across the
TREB market area was up by 7.8 per cent year-over-year.
“Higher borrowing costs coupled with the new mortgage stress test certainly prompted some
households to temporarily move to the sidelines to reassess their housing options. With this said,
it is important to note that market conditions were improved in the second half of the year, both
from a sales and pricing standpoint,” said Garry Bhaura, TREB President.
“After spiking in 2017, new listings receded markedly in 2018. In many neighbourhoods, despite
fewer sales from a historic perspective, some buyers still struggled to find a home meeting their
needs. The result was a resumption of a moderate year-over-year pace of home price growth in
the second half of the year. Price growth was strongest for less-expensive home types, as many
home buyers sought more affordable home ownership options,” said Jason Mercer, TREB’s
Director of Market Analysis and Service Channels.
On February 6, TREB will be releasing its fourth annual Market Year-in-Review and Outlook
Report. The report will feature the latest results from the Ipsos surveys of existing home owners
and intending home buyers. The surveys will cover off home buying intentions, impacts of recent
government policy decisions, interesting information on investment property ownership, renovation
spending and mortgage trends. The report will also contain information on the new home and
commercial real estate markets. New research on mid-density housing by the Ryerson Centre for
Urban Research and Land Development and a study on transit-supportive development by the
Pembina Institute will also be presented.
TORONTO, ONTARIO, December 5, 2018 – Toronto Real Estate Board President Garry Bhaura
announced the continuation of moderate price growth in November 2018 compared to November 2017. The
MLS® Home Price Index (HPI) Composite Benchmark was up by 2.7 per cent year-over-year. The average
selling price was up by 3.5 per cent year-over-year to $788,345.
Greater Toronto Area REALTORS® reported 6,251 residential transactions through TREB’s MLS® System
in November 2018. This result was down by 14.7 per cent compared to November 2017, when we saw a
temporary upward shift in demand as the market was distorted by the looming OSFI-mandated stress test at
the end of last year.
“New listings were actually down more than sales on a year-over-year basis in November. This suggests
that, in many neighbourhoods, competition between buyers may have increased. Relatively tight market
conditions over the past few months have provided the foundation for renewed price growth,” said Mr.
On a preliminary seasonally adjusted basis, sales were down by 3.4 per cent compared to October 2018.
The average selling price after preliminary seasonal adjustment was down by 0.8 per cent compared to
“Home types with lower average price points have been associated with stronger rates of price growth over
the past few months. Given the impact of the OSFI-mandated mortgage stress test and higher borrowing
costs on affordability, it makes sense that the condo apartment and semi-detached market segments
experienced relatively stronger rates of price growth in November, as market conditions in these segments
remained tight or tightened respectively over the past year,” said Jason Mercer, TREB’s Director of Market
Looking at the housing market from a policy perspective, TREB is encouraged with the provincial
government’s recent announcement and on-going public consultation regarding a housing supply action
“Housing supply remains a key issue in the GTA market. More specifically, an adequate supply and
appropriate mix of housing types must be part of the conversation, as has been recognized by the provincial
government in their consultation documents. Transit supportive and gentle density 'missing middle' housing
should be a priority. TREB has commissioned research on these subjects and looks forward to sharing it at
our Market Outlook Economic Summit on February 6, 2019, and as part of the provincial government’s
consultations, when results are available in coming months,” said TREB CEO John Di Michele.
“TREB is also encouraged that the provincial government remains committed to public transit expansion.
TREB has long advocated for improvements to the Greater Golden Horseshoe transit and transportation
network, and feels the time is right to have a conversation about the level of provincial and municipal
responsibility that would be the most efficient arrangement to realize subway expansion sooner in Toronto,
and the GTA, as this will impact the housing market,” added Mr. Di Michele.
Greater Toronto, October 3, 2018 – Toronto Real Estate Board President Garry Bhaura
announced that Greater Toronto Area REALTORS® reported 6,455 sales through TREB’s MLS®
System in September 2018 – up 1.9 per cent compared to September 2017. The average selling
price for September 2018 sales was up by 2.9 per cent over the same period to $796,786. The
MLS® HPI composite benchmark price was up by two per cent year-over-year.
New listings entered into TREB’s MLS® System in September 2018 amounted to 15,920 – down
by 3.1 per cent compared to September 2017. With sales up year-over-year and new listings
down, market conditions became tighter. Many buyers may have found it more difficult to find a
home meeting their needs.
“It is healthy to see sales and prices in many areas across the Greater Toronto Area up a bit,
compared to last year’s lows. At the same, however, it is important to remember that TREB’s
market area is made up of over 500 communities. Market conditions have obviously unfolded
differently across these communities. This is why it’s important to work with a REALTOR® who is
familiar with local market conditions in your areas of interest,” said Mr. Bhaura.
“While higher borrowing costs and tougher mortgage qualification rules have kept sales levels off
the record pace set in 2016, many households remain positive about home ownership as a quality
long-term investment. As the GTA population continues to grow, the real challenge in the housing
market will be supply rather than demand. The Toronto Real Estate Board is especially concerned
with issues affecting housing supply as we move towards municipal elections across the region,”
added Mr. Bhaura.
On a monthly basis, after preliminary seasonal adjustment, sales edged up by 0.2 per cent in
September 2018 compared to August 2018. The average selling price, after preliminary seasonal
adjustment, edged lower by 0.5 per cent month-over-month.
“Generally speaking, annual rates of price growth have been stronger for higher density home
types in 2018, including condominium apartments, townhouses and semi-detached houses. In
many neighbourhoods, these home types provide more affordable home ownership options. This
is why a policy focus on increasing mid-density housing options throughout the GTA is important,”
said Jason Mercer, TREB’s Director of Market Analysis.
TORONTO, ONTARIO, September 6, 2018 – Toronto Real Estate Board President Garry Bhaura
announced sales and price increases on a year-over-year basis in August. Greater Toronto Area
REALTORS® reported 6,839 sales through TREB’s MLS® System in August 2018 – an 8.5 per cent
increase compared to August 2017.
Both the average selling price, at $765,270, and the MLS® Home Price Index Composite Benchmark for
August 2018 were up compared to the same month in 2017, by 4.7 per cent and 1.5 per cent respectively.
The average selling price increased by more than the MLS® HPI Composite due, at least in part, to a
change in the mix of sales compared to last year. Detached home sales were up by double digits on a yearover-
year percentage basis – substantially more than many other less-expensive home types.
“It is encouraging to see a continued resurgence in the demand for ownership housing. Many home buyers
who had initially moved to the sidelines due to the Ontario Fair Housing Plan and new mortgage lending
guidelines have renewed their search for a home and are getting deals done much more so than last year.
In a region where the economy remains strong and the population continues to grow, ownership housing
remains a solid long-term investment,” said Mr. Bhaura.
Month-over-month sales and price growth also continued in August. On a preliminary seasonally adjusted
basis, August 2018 sales were up by two per cent compared to July 2018. The seasonally adjusted August
2018 average selling price was down slightly by 0.2 per cent compared to July 2018, following strong
monthly increases in May, June and July.
“Market conditions in the summer of 2018, including this past August, were tighter than what was
experienced in the summer of 2017. In August, the annual rate of sales growth outpaced the annual rate of
new listings growth. We only have slightly more than two-and-a-half months of inventory in the TREB
market area as a whole and less than two months of inventory in the City of Toronto. This means that
despite the fact the sales remain off the record highs from 2016 and 2017, many GTA neighbourhoods
continue to suffer from a lack of inventory. This could present a problem if demand continues to accelerate
over the next year, which is expected,” said Jason Mercer, TREB’s Director of Market Analysis.
TREB Launches New Website Highlighting Municipal Election Issues Related to Housing
With municipal elections just over six weeks away, TREB is highlighting key housing issues for the public to
consider when voting and is providing an opportunity for voters to communicate about these issues with
election candidates through a new web site: UnLockMyHousingOptions.ca.
“One of the key issues facing home buyers and renters in the GTA is inadequate housing supply and choice,
and one of the main reasons for this is municipal policy that unnecessarily locks up housing options.
Whether it is approval delays, inflexible and outdated zoning rules, or market distorting taxes like Toronto’s
Land Transfer Tax, current municipal policies are a big part of the reason why there is not enough gentle
density housing, like semis, row homes, and multiplexes, in the GTA. This ‘missing middle’ option is critical
for a healthy real estate market and we are encouraging home buyers and renters to let municipal election
candidates know their views through our new election campaign web site: UnLockMyHousingOptions.ca,”
said Mr. Bhaura.
TORONTO, ONTARIO, August 3, 2018 – Toronto Real Estate Board President Garry
Bhaura announced strong growth in the number of home sales and the average selling
price reported by Greater Toronto Area REALTORS® in July 2018.
“Home sales result in substantial spin-off benefits to the economy, so the positive results
over the last two months are encouraging. However, no one will argue that housing
supply remains an issue. The new provincial government and candidates for the
upcoming municipal elections need to concentrate on policies focused on enhancing the
supply of housing and reducing the upfront tax burden represented by land transfer taxes,
province-wide and additionally in the City of Toronto,” said Mr. Bhaura.
Residential sales reported through TREB’s MLS® System for July 2018 amounted to
6,961 – up 18.6 per cent compared to July 2017. Over the same period, the average
selling price was up by 4.8 per cent to $782,129, including a moderate increase for
detached home types. New listings in July 2018 were down by 1.8 per cent year-overyear.
Preliminary seasonal adjustment pointed to strong month-over-month increases of 6.6 per
cent and 3.1 per cent respectively for sales and average price. Seasonally adjusted sales
were at the highest level for 2018 and the seasonally adjusted average price reached the
highest level since May 2017.
The MLS® Home Price Index (HPI) Composite Benchmark for July 2018 was down
slightly compared to July 2017. However, the annual growth rate looks to be trending
toward positive territory in the near future.
“We have certainly experienced an increase in demand for ownership housing so far this
summer. It appears that some people who initially moved to the sidelines due to the
psychological impact of the Fair Housing Plan and changes to mortgage lending
guidelines have re-entered the market. Home buyers in the GTA recognize that
ownership housing is a quality long-term investment,” said Jason Mercer, TREB’s Director
of Market Analysis.
TORONTO, ONTARIO, July 5, 2018 – Toronto Real Estate Board President Garry Bhaura, in his first market release as
TREB President, is pleased to announce some positive signs with respect to the housing market.
Greater Toronto Area REALTORS® reported 8,082 home sales through TREB’s MLS® System in June 2018 – up 2.4 per
cent compared to the low June 2017 result. After preliminary seasonal adjustment, sales were also up 17.6 per cent
on a monthly basis between May 2018 and June 2018, continuing the trend of somewhat volatile month-over-month
changes over the past year as home buyers reacted to various policy changes impacting the market.
“Home ownership has proven to be a positive long-term investment. After some adjustment to the Fair Housing Plan,
the new Office of The Superintendent of Financial Institutions (OSFI) stress test requirement and generally higher
borrowing costs, home buyers are starting to move back into the market, with sales trending up from last year’s lows.
Market conditions appear to be tightening, with sales accounting for a greater share of listings, as new listings have
dropped compared to last year,” said Mr. Bhaura.
The average selling price edged up by two per cent on a year-over-year basis to $807,871 in June 2018. After
preliminary seasonal adjustment, the average selling price was also up by 3.3 per cent month-over-month between
May 2018 and June 2018. The MLS® Home Price Index (HPI) was down by 4.8 per cent on a year-over-year basis, but
remained basically flat month-over-month. The difference in the year-over-year rates of change between the average
price and the MLS® HPI was likely due, at least in part, to a change in the mix of properties sold in June 2018
compared to June 2017, with low-rise home types accounting for a greater share of sales in June 2018.
“The expectation is to see improvement in sales over the next year. Over the same period, however, it is likely that
issues surrounding the supply of listings will persist. This suggests that competition between buyers could increase,
exerting increased upward pressure on home prices. With a new provincial government in place and municipal
elections on the horizon, housing supply should be top-of-mind for policy makers,” said Jason Mercer, TREB’s Director
of Market Analysis and Service Channels.
Housing Issues Important to Voters
With a new provincial government at Queen’s Park and municipal election campaigns underway, Toronto REALTORS®
are continuing to speak out for home buyers, sellers, and renters.
“We look forward to working with all returning and newly elected MPPs, and speaking out during the municipal
election campaign, to ensure that home ownership and housing affordability issues are a top priority for elected
officials. In this regard, one of the most important issues is ensuring that no new municipal land transfer taxes are
imposed on home buyers. We hope the new provincial government and municipal election candidates will represent
the views of the people on this issue, which are clear: they oppose land transfer taxes because they are a barrier to
home ownership and discourage individuals and families from 'right-sizing', further constraining the supply of homes
available for purchase”, said Mr. Bhaura.
A poll conducted by Ipsos Public Affairs, by on-line survey of 1200 GTA residents (500 in the ‘416’ area code and 700
in the ‘905’ area code) between May 18 and May 22, 2018, found:
• 77% support reducing the provincial land transfer tax and 68% support repealing the provincial land transfer tax
• 76% support reducing the Toronto municipal land transfer tax and 69% support repealing the Toronto municipal
land transfer tax
“We look forward to working with the provincial and Greater Toronto Area municipal governments on effective ways
to address housing affordability, namely increasing housing supply, especially ‘missing middle’ housing options (home
types that bridge the gap between detached houses and condominium apartments), and reducing tax burdens like
land transfer taxes,” added Mr. Bhaura.
TORONTO, ONTARIO, June 4, 2018 – Greater Toronto Area REALTORS® reported 7,834 sales
through TREB’s MLS® System in May 2018. This result was down by 22.2 per cent compared to
May 2017. While the number of sales was down year-over-year, the annual rate of decline was
less than reported in February, March and April, when sales were down by more than 30 per cent.
On a month-over-month basis, seasonally adjusted May sales were basically flat compared to
Supply of homes available for sale continued to be an issue. New listings were down by 26.2 per
cent. The fact that new listings were down by more than sales in comparison to last year means
that competition increased between buyers. Recent polling conducted by Ipsos for TREB
suggests that listing intentions are down markedly since the fall.
“Home ownership remains a sound long-term investment. Unfortunately, many home buyers are
still finding it difficult find a home that meets their needs. In a recent Canadian Centre for
Economic Analysis study undertaken for the Toronto Real Estate Board, it was found that many
people are over-housed in Ontario, with over five million extra bedrooms. These people don’t list
their homes for sale, because they feel there are no alternative housing types for them to move
into. Policy makers need to focus more on the ‘missing middle’ – home types that bridge the gap
between detached houses and condominium apartments,” said Tim Syrianos, TREB President.
The MLS® Home Price Index (HPI) Composite Benchmark was down by 5.4 per cent year-overyear.
The average selling price for all home types combined was down by 6.6 per cent to
$805,320. On a seasonally adjusted basis, the average selling price was up by 1.1 per cent
compared to April 2018.1
“Market conditions are becoming tighter in the Greater Toronto Area and this will provide support
for home prices as we move through the second half of 2018 and into 2019. There are emerging
indicators pointing toward increased competition between buyers, which generally leads to
stronger price growth. In the City of Toronto, for example, average selling prices were at or above
average listing prices for all major home types in May,” said Jason Mercer, TREB’s Director of
TREB is releasing the results, today, of a poll conducted by Ipsos Public Affairs regarding issues
relevant to the upcoming provincial election.
“Housing and real estate issues are top of mind for many Ontario and GTA voters, and they often
turn to their REALTOR® for opinions on these matters. That’s why we think it’s important to help
shine the spotlight on these issues during the provincial election campaign,” said Tim Syrianos,
TORONTO, ONTARIO, May 3, 2018 – Toronto Real Estate Board President Tim Syrianos announced that
Greater Toronto Area REALTORS® reported 7,792 sales through TREB’s MLS® System in April 2018. The
average selling price was $804,584. On a year-over-year basis, sales were down by 32.1 per cent and the
average selling price was down by 12.4 per cent.
The year-over-year change in the overall average selling price has been impacted by both changes in
market conditions as well as changes in the type and price point of homes being purchased. This is
especially clear at the higher end of the market. Detached home sales for $2 million or more accounted for
5.5 per cent of total detached sales in April 2018, versus 10 per cent in April 2017. The MLS® Home Price
Index strips out the impact of changes in the mix of home sales from one year to the next. This is why the
MLS® HPI Composite Benchmark was down by only 5.2 per cent year-over-year versus 12.4 per cent for
the average price.
“While average selling prices have not climbed back to last year’s record peak, April’s price level represents
a substantial gain over the past decade. Recent polling conducted for TREB by Ipsos tells us that the great
majority of buyers are purchasing a home within which to live. This means these buyers are treating home
ownership as a long-term investment. A strong and diverse labour market and continued population growth
based on immigration should continue to underpin long-term home price appreciation,” said Mr. Syrianos.
After preliminary seasonal adjustment1, the month-over-month change (i.e. March 2018 to April 2018) in
sales and the average selling price was minimal, with sales decreasing 1.6 per cent and the average selling
price decreasing by 0.2 per cent. The month-over-month sales trend has flattened out over the past two
months following a steeper drop-off in January and February.
“The comparison of this year’s sales and price figures to last year’s record peak masks the fact that market
conditions should support moderate increases in home prices as we move through the second half of the
year, particularly for condominium apartments and higher density low-rise home types. Once we are past
the current policy-based volatility, home owners should expect to see the resumption of a moderate and
sustained pace of price growth in line with a strong local economy and steady population growth,” said Jason
Mercer, TREB’s Director of Market Analysis.
Provincial Election Candidates Should Make Housing Issues a Top Priority
With a provincial election campaign about to begin, GTA REALTORS® hope that all of the provincial parties
will make housing issues a priority. Home ownership is a worthwhile investment that benefits our economy,
individual finances and quality of life,” said Mr. Syrianos
“In recent months and years, there has been significant intervention in housing markets by all levels of
government, through regulatory changes and taxation. We believe the next step should be tax relief,
especially from Land Transfer Taxes, both provincial and the Toronto Land Transfer Tax, and efforts to
facilitate an increase in the supply of missing middle housing that fills the gap between single family homes
and high rises. Furthermore, we believe that any attempt to increase the Toronto Land Transfer Tax should
require approval from the provincial government, given the significance of Toronto’s economy to the
Province and the connections between the Toronto real estate market and that of the broader GTA,” added
TORONTO, ONTARIO, APRIL 4, 2018 – Toronto Real Estate Board President Tim Syrianos
announced that Greater Toronto Area REALTORS® reported 7,228 residential transactions
through TREB’s MLS® System in March 2018. This result was down by 39.5 per cent compared to
a record 11,954 sales reported in March 2017 and down 17.6 per cent relative to average March
sales for the previous 10 years.
The number of new listings entered into TREB’s MLS® System totaled 14,866 – a 12.4 per cent
decrease compared to March 2017 and a three per cent decrease compared to the average for the
previous 10 years.
“TREB stated in its recent Market Outlook report that Q1 sales would be down from the record
pace set in Q1 2017,” said Mr. Syrianos. “The effects of the Fair Housing Plan, the new OSFImandated
stress test and generally higher borrowing costs have prompted some buyers to put
their purchasing decision on hold. Home sales are expected to be up relative to 2017 in the
second half of this year.”
The MLS Home Price Index Composite Benchmark was down by 1.5 percent on a year-over-year
basis for the TREB market area as a whole. The overall average selling price was down by 14.3
per cent compared to March 2017.
While the change in market conditions certainly played a role, the dip in the average selling price
was also compositional in nature. Detached home sales, which generally represent the highest
price points in a given area, declined much more than other home types. In addition, the share of
high-end detached homes selling for over $2 million in March 2018 was half of what was reported
in March 2017, further impacting the average selling price.
“Right now, when we are comparing home prices, we are comparing two starkly different periods
of time: last year, when we had less than a month of inventory versus this year with inventory
levels ranging between two and three months. It makes sense that we haven’t seen prices climb
back to last year’s peak. However, in the second half of the year, expect to see the annual rate of
price growth improve compared to Q1, as sales increase relative to the below-average level of
listings,” said Jason Mercer, TREB’s Director of Market Analysis.
TREB continues to stress that housing and housing affordability need to be at the forefront of the
policy debates leading into this year’s provincial and municipal elections.
“A well-functioning housing market is not only important to ensure that people have a place to live;
it is also important because it supports hundreds of thousands of jobs, billions of dollars in spin-off
expenditures and billions of dollars in government revenues. Issues such as the below-average
level of housing supply and often inadvisable policy ideas and negative measures such as land
transfer taxes, vacancy taxes, speculation taxes and second home taxes should also be
thoroughly debated by all candidates,” said Mr. Syrianos.
ONTARIO, March 6, 2018 – Toronto Real Estate Board President Tim
Syrianos announced that Greater Toronto Area REALTORS® reported 5,175 residential
transactions through TREB’s MLS® System in February 2018. This result was down 34.9
percent compared to the record 7,955 sales reported in February 2017.
The number of new listings entered into TREB’s MLS® System totaled 10,520, a 7.3 per
cent increase compared to the 9,801 new listings entered in February 2017. However, the
level of new listings remained below the average for the month of February for the
“When TREB released its Outlook for 2018, the forecast anticipated a slow start to the
year compared to the historically high sales count reported in the winter and early spring
of 2017. Prospective home buyers are still coming to terms with the psychological impact
of the Fair Housing Plan, and some have also had to reevaluate their plans due to the new
OFSI-mandated mortgage stress test guidelines and generally higher borrowing costs,”
said Mr. Syrianos.
The MLS® Home Price Index Composite Benchmark was up by 3.2 per cent on a yearover-
year basis for the TREB market area as a whole. This growth was driven by the
apartment and townhouse market segments, with annual benchmark price increases of
18.8 per cent and 7.5 per cent respectively. Single-family detached and attached
benchmark prices were down slightly compared to February 2017. The overall average
selling price for February sales was down 12.4% year-over-year to $767,818. However,
putting aside the price spike reported in the first quarter of 2017, it is important to note that
February’s average price remained 12 per cent higher than the average reported for
February 2016, which represents an annualized increase well above the rate of inflation
for the past two years.
“As we move further into the spring and summer months, growth in sales and selling
prices is expected to pick up relative to last year. Expect stronger price growth to continue
in the comparatively more affordable townhouse and condominium apartment segments.
This being said, listings supply will likely remain below average in many neighbourhoods
in the GTA, which, over the long-term, could further hamper affordability,” said Jason